There isn’t one dart fits all. So buying an expensive set of darts to start off with won’t necessarily give you instant success. Finding a dart that suits you will depend on several factors. Your height and your hand span being two major factors. Weight of darts varies too and we look at dart options later.
The basic grip of the dart for those of you who have never played before is the
pen grip, i.e. just as you would hold a pen! Variations on this grip will
naturally follow but to start this is the grip you should use.
For new throwers the dart should also be held at the balance. So if you are using a long barrelled dart hold it over one finger until you find the ideal holding point. With tear shaped darts this will be nearer the front barrel. The shaft and flight used will also have an influence on the best hold.
Your grip with naturally develop with play however a starting point helps and minor adjustments to your natural style will develop from here.
I have come to realise that websites and books are totally different things when it comes to relaying information. On the web viewers tend to want answers quickly and to the point unlike books and research papers when more in depth explanations can be warranted. The throw is a basic hand eye co-ordination however a few principles will help keep the dart true and consistent.
The draw back of the throwing arm should be so the point of the dart is always drawn straight! If you imagine a line running down though the centre of the dartboard and along the floor to the centre of the oche line (throw line) then firstly this is where your lead foot should be. The draw back of the arm / dart should follow this imaginary line. If you are playing darts at home you might wish to draw a line to help you or mark the oche throw line to help position yourself for each throw.
With the arm and dart drawn back you are ready to throw. It is important that you look directly at the point of the dartboard you wish to hit. With this draw back the intention is to throw for the twenty threw to three i.e. the centre part of the board (see diagram)
Either use the treble twenty or the bullseye initially as a practise target. You should not aim the dart using the full extension of the arm! This is the most common mistake for beginners. The aim of the dart should be the release point of the dart. To initially gauge this, the forearm will be vertical (pivotal point). Adjust your back foot by bringing this nearer or further away from your lead foot to adjust your height as this will ultimately adjust the throw. You height will also have a bearing on this. The throw should be swift and the release of the dart should be at the pivotal point. If you are focusing on the target, the release point will come naturally. However if you are not then you will lose the control of the dart and it will drift to the left or right.
Aiming at a small target rather than large will help more than hinder so the bullseye is a good practise target as well as the treble.
When throwing the dart allow your arm to follow though after you release the dart just as if you were playing tennis, when you strike a ball with a racket. If you don’t follow through you remove the power out of the dart and it will drop quickly.
You should never allow your back foot to come off the ground. This not only takes the power out of the dart. This also affects your balance and you will ultimately find it harder to gain a consistently good throw. There are very few players that have this technique and it is one that I don’t indorse for those reasons.
Once the dart has landed note where the fall extension of your arm is. If it is to the left or right on the target then your dart will also be left or right of the target. Adjust your stance accordingly to straighten the throw. It is important to give yourself feed back and if observing someone else record what is working and what is not. A slight adjustment with the throw or stance or combination of the two will make a major difference when you are throwing at targets that are relatively small.
Here a demonstration in action:
My Thanks for my sister Susan and brother-in-law for posing for the photographs here. As you see we all had a bit of fun.
For more information about how you can improve your game have a look at the practise routines I have on my site. This section of the site is viewed by thousands of viewers and the 180 around the clock! practise / game has proved a bit hit. I have seen seen several postings on forums about this practise routine and you will even find postings on YouTube.
To review the darts you use, see the sections on dart barrels, shafts and flights.
Also please see other practise routines on this site:
Improve your Darts Stance